PLO B2 and The Indian Act

So let’s start by talking about PLO B2. At first glance you can tell that this PLO is quite broad and complicated, kind of like the Indian Act. A few weeks ago I knew nothing about the Indian Act, and I didn’t really have an understanding of PLO B2. Now though, be it from discussions in class, handouts, or home research I can say that I have at least a partial understanding of almost all the things in PLO B2, especially the Indian Act which interested me.

As for meeting B2 there were a couple other PLOs that helped allow me to “Evaluate the impact of interactions between aboriginal peoples and European explorers and settlers in Canada from 1815 – 1914.”  Including C3, which talks a lot about Louis Riel and the Métis of Red River. This PLO helped give me a base understanding of the type of relations between Aboriginals, the government, and the various other ethnic groups in Canada.

Basically the Indian Act is a controversial set of laws that was put in place way back in 1867 and decides pretty much everything to do with registered Aboriginal People’s lives. In an article written in the indigenous foundations section of the UBC website Erin Hanson wrote “The Indian Act is a Canadian federal law that governs in matters pertaining to Indian status, bands, and Indian reserves. Throughout history it has been highly invasive and paternalistic, as it authorizes the Canadian federal government to regulate and administer in the affairs and day-to-day lives of registered Indians and reserve communities.”

Since its origins the Indian act has been revised several times, and to this day it still does not represent the Aboriginal people fairly or equally. In 1884 an amendment put Residential Schools in place, which is quite the topic of its own. It wasn’t until 124 years later in 2008 that the government to publicly apologized for enacting Residential Schools. There were a few more outrageous laws added to the Indian act throughout the years, one being the ban of religious ceremonies including the Sun Dance. Another, the restriction of the use of a lawyer by Aboriginals for the purpose of making a claim against Canada.

As I read and listened about the Indian Act I had a bunch of questions, the main being why the government doesn’t just abolish the Indian Act completely, instead of simply making amendments where needed. The answer is unclear and intricate, which is why I think nothing major has been done about it. However what is clear is that there are many reasons for it to be scrapped all together. For now things stay the same, maybe even for the good, only time will tell. In the meantime you can read the entire Indian Act at   



Socials 2015 Midterm!

It’s crazy how fast a half of a socials semester has gone by, and it’s been quite a blast. There has been so much fun learning packed into such a short time it’s hard to believe we’re already halfway done. So for my midterm this year I chose to make a Prezi; here’s the link!

Confederation Final Address

Hello my name is Simon Fraser and I am a British fur trader and explorer. I have joined you here, from the beyond, to celebrate a defining moment in history. Today marks the beginning of a new, strong, independant country. A country unchained by the shackles of Britain’s power, and united against invasions from the United States and beyond. As an explorer fur trader, and father I feel as though our country has taken the best possible step towards becoming a superpower in this world.

I have an amazing love for this land and it’s many diversities, but I have always feared that one day it would be taken over by our American neighbours. Now though, uniting as one nation, we are stronger than ever. Through the events this year, and many before, we have created a country with equal rights for all, and are now free to make our own decisions.

From my many years exploring west and trading furs I have established many relations with various Aboriginal tribes and communities. I have also seen first hand the discrimination and persecution, and I hope that they can come to agreement with the rest of the canadian people and have equal rights in the new Canada.Furthermore I lived as a middle class citizen for most of my life, and can see the benefits of an updated state of government that benefits not only a select few, but the rest of the majority.

See I may have died in relative poverty, but I can say that I have no regrets for the my actions throughout my lifetime. I take pride in saying I was the first explorer to travel what is now the Fraser River, and that I was part of one of the most respected fur trading companies in the history of this country. I have successfully raised nine children, three of which have married and had children of their own. As I look back on my contributions to the forming of this country, although they may be relatively small, I am proud to say that I was a part of the making of this great country, and hope that it stays this way for many years to come.

Link to my first journal entry.

Link to my second journal entry.




Simon Fraser Journal Entry 2


September 12, 1860

After word of gold in nearby rivers, the towns are being flooded by wave after wave of gold hungry prospectors. There has also been an explosion in fur trading. Men and women have come from far and wide attempting to strike it rich, and I have been able to provide them with the proper clothing. A sort have craze seems to have come over everyone, many selling everything they own to travel west. The thought of prospecting has crossed my mind many times, but selling pelts has been profitable and demand is not yet on decline.

My wife and children are doing very well. Only two still live at home, my eldest son has just married and is moving east to settle. The days have been lonely here and I fear I may not have much time left.

Simon Fraser


Simon Fraser- Journal Entry 1

June 1, 1808

Today we set out at 4 am, the mornings have been long and cold. River stretches have become evermore dangerous, but the crew continues to follow with courage.

After encountering strong rapids, we drifted with a long stretch with a strong current behind us. As we drift I have time to think about my past, along with what is to come. I reminisce of my family and times of training. Just 18 short years ago I began my apprenticeship with the North West Company. Now I am exploring an unknown river with my own crew of men. Many of the men in my crew are freed slaves looking for work in the fur trade after the abolishment of slavery one year ago.

Today a crew member I sent back to Fort George with rumours of conflict between us and the Americans.  There are words of war being exchanged throughout the colonies. For now though it is too soon to tell what is to come, and myself and the crew must focus on the task at hand. Tomorrow we will be passing a very dangerous set of rapids. I have employed a few guides from a nearby native tribe.

I will write again soon.

Simon Fraser







Finally Free: A Good Source

I really had a hard time picking a specific source to talk about, but I eventually came up with an article about the Abolition of Enslavement in Canada provided by Vanessa G.

Although brief, the article is very informative, and I was actually able to learn a lot from what I read. It explained the many different fronts that this battle for freedom was fought. The article also talked about the realization of many slave owners and other people that African people are no different from the rest of the community.

“Enslaved Africans fought against being taken and held captive in Africa, fought against enslavement while in slave ships and during their confinement before sale and once they were sold. It was through these acts of resistance that some slave owners had to reconsider the slave system, the independence of Africans and why they would not accept this status. Their resistance brought into question the ways in which people thought about Africans—they were bright and capable and not content with slavery.”


It was cool to read about the many “important” people that were involved in the fight against and abolition of slavery. I found it intriguing that many of the supporters were former slave owners, who had come to realization of how cruel slavery was. This was definitely a pivotal time in the fight for abolition as stated in the text;

“Former slave owners and those having strong religious convictions also began to fight against the enslavement of Africans. Known as abolitionists, they attempted to use their positions in society to affect laws that had allowed slavery to develop. The movement toward abolition was evident in Britain, and in Canada, a British colony with its own enslaved population, the movement grew quickly.”


For sure this article relates to the PLO sheet as it falls under some of the sections such as B1 or B4. The article speaks about the importance of the movement to end slavery had during the makings of Canada and how it has shaped us into the country we are today.


The Innovation of Mankind

Where have we been?

Humans are an incredibly intelligent species, which is why we’ve become the dominant species of this planet. Mankind as a whole has come an extraordinarily long way during our rather short existence. In fact most of our real advancement has come in the last ten thousand years or so. It’s crazy to think that we went from living in caves and starting fire with rocks to building incredible structures and travelling into space in such a short time. Our technological advances in the last hundred years especially have pushed our realm to extreme distances, with the development of things like computers and cell phones and satellites. Things that we have for everyday use that others in the past never would have dreamed about.

Where are we going?

Well no one can really know for sure. Of course people have insight on what may happen in the next 10, 20, even 100 years, but nothing is for sure. Things could change in an instant. There are so many factors that need to be accounted for that precisely predicting what will happen is nearly impossible. If technology continues to advance at it’s current rate, who knows where we’ll be in the near future alone. Everything is changing; worldwide travel is a breeze, communication can be established at the touch of a button. So much is becoming easier, but many things are becoming harder. Things like natural resources: water, fuel, trees are all on the decline. Population; the earth literally won’t be able to fit anymore people in the next 150 years if population increase doesn’t change. So things are changing, some for the good and some for the bad. I think it’s what we do now that will determine the outcome of our species, I guess we’ll see.